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|Newark Liberty International Airport|
| IATA : EWR – ICAO : KEWR – FAA LID : EWR |
– WMO: 72502
|Operator||Port Authority of New York and New Jersey|
|Hub for|| |
|Elevation AMSL||18 ft / 5 m|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
The airport is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey . Newark is the tenth busiest airport in the United States and the nation's fifth busiest international air gateway; JFK ranks first.
History EditUnited Airlines Flight 93 pushed back from gate A17 at 8:01 am, on its way from Newark to San Francisco International Airport, on September 11, 2001. Two hours later it would crash into a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, when passengers attempted to take over the plane from a team of hijackers. Based on the direction that the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers  believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, D.C., such as the Capitol or White House. To honor the victims that died on September 11, in 2002 the airport's name was changed from Newark International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport. This name was chosen over the initial proposal, Liberty International Airport at Newark, and refers to the landmark Statue of Liberty, just 7 miles (11 km) east of the airport.
- Runway 4L/22R: 11,000 x 150 ft (3,353 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt/Concrete
- Runway 4R/22L: 10,000 x 150 ft (3,048 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
- Runway 11/29: 6,800 x 150 ft (2,073 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
- Helipad H1: 40 x 40 ft (12 x 12 m), Surface: Concrete
Runway 11/29 is part of the original paved runway system developed in the 1940s. In 1952, original Runways 1/19 and 6/24 were closed in response to concerns about obstructions and noise, and a modern Runway 4/22 (now 4R/22L) was commissioned at a length of 7,000 ft (2,100 m) This runway was later extended to 9,800 feet (3,000 m), shortened for a while to 9,300 ft (2,800 m) and finally brought to its present length by 2000. Runway 4L/22R was built in the early 1970s at a length of 8,200 ft (2,500 m) and was extended to its current dimensions by 2000.
All approaches except Runway 29 are equipped with Instrument Landing Systems, and Runway 4R is certified for Category II ILS approaches.
Most departing traffic use Runway 4L/22R, while most arriving traffic use 4R/22L, and 11/29 is used more often by smaller aircraft or when there are strong crosswinds on the two main runways. Newark's two parallel runways (4L and 4R) have a lateral separation of only 900 feet (270 m), which is the fourth smallest of major airports in the U.S., after SFO, LAX and SEA. (Calculated from the lat-lons at  the parallel runways are 950 ft apart.)
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1991-2000: Airport Later Used by Ten Hijackers Has Poor Security Record and Lacks Surveillance Cameras Edit
Data compiled by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) shows that over this period Logan Airport has one of the worst records for security among major US airports. In contrast, Newark Airport has an above average security record. 
(7:03 a.m.-7:48 a.m.) September 11, 2001: Flight 93 Hijackers Check in at Airport and Board Plane; Only One Selected for Additional Screening Edit
According to the 9/11 Commission, between 7:03 a.m. and 7:39 a.m. the four alleged Flight 93 hijackers check in at the United Airlines ticket counter at Newark (New Jersey) Liberty International Airport.
Only Ahmad Alhaznawi is selected for additional scrutiny by airport security under the FAA’s CAPPS program [see 1] The only consequence is that his checked bag is screened for explosives, and not loaded onto the plane until it is confirmed that he has boarded. 
The 9/11 Commission later claims Newark Airport has no video cameras monitoring its security checkpoints, so there is no documentary evidence showing when the hijackers passed through the checkpoint or what alarms may have been triggered.
However, Michael Taylor , the president of American International Security Corp, who has done consulting work for the New York Port Authority (which operates the airport), claims that Newark does use security cameras at the time of 9/11. All of the screeners on duty at the checkpoint are subsequently interviewed, and none report anything unusual or suspicious having occurred.
The 9/11 Commission later concludes that the passports of Ahmad Alhaznawi and fellow Flight 93 hijacker Ahmed Alnami have suspicious indicators and could have been linked to al-Qaeda, but it does not elaborate on this. 
- ↑ FAA Airport Master Record for EWR ( PDF), retrieved 03/15/2007
- ↑ "Top 20 U.S. Gateways for Nonstop International Air Travel: 2000–2004". Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation. 2006.
- ↑ Debunking 9/11 Myths: Why Conspiracy Theories Can't Stand Up to the Facts / (2006) Page 76 ISBN 158816635X
- ↑ Wilson, Michael (August 22, 2002). "Governors Seek a Name Change for Newark Airport". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- ↑ Smothers, Ronald (August 30, 2002). "Port Authority Extends Lease of a Renamed Newark Airport". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
- ↑ http://web.archive.org/web/20010612175345/http://www.boeing.com/commercial/caft/cwg/ads_b/Closely.pdf
- ↑ NGS runway lat-lons
- ↑ BOSTON GLOBE. 26/9/2001.
- ↑ 9/11 COMMISSION (1/27/2004).
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 9/11 Commission Report,26 July 2004,Page 4
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 9/11 Commission August 2004 Staff report,26 August 2004,Page 35
- ↑ 9/11 Commission August 2004 Staff report,26 August 2004,Page 97
- ↑ "Logan lacks video cameras". BOSTON HERALD. 9/29/2001.
- ↑ BALTIMORE SUN. 1/27/2004.
Shortly After 8:46 a.m. September 11, 2001: Newark Airport Controllers Contact Other FAA Facilities about Burning WTCEdit
At the air traffic control tower at Newark International Airport, controllers see the smoke coming from the World Trade Center in the distance and start calling other FAA facilities in the area about this. Controller Rick Tepper looks out the window of the tower across the Hudson River at New York City, and sees the huge cloud of smoke coming from the North Tower, which Flight 11 has crashed into. He points this out to fellow controller Greg Callahan. In his office at the tower, Bob Varcadipane, the supervisor there, starts receiving a flood of phone calls reporting that a small aircraft has hit the WTC.
According to author Lynn Spencer, “The assumption is that only a small plane could have gone so badly off course.” The Newark tower controllers start calling the towers at JFK, La Guardia, and Teterboro Airports, along with other air traffic control facilities in the area, to see if any of them has lost an aircraft. But none say they have; they have not yet been informed of the crash and are shocked at what they see when told to look out their windows at the burning WTC. Varcadipane calls the FAA’s New York Center to find out if they know whose plane hit the Twin Towers. He is told: “No, but Boston Center lost an airplane. They lost an American 767 .” Varcadipane wonders if this 767 is the plane that hit the WTC, and says back: “I have a burning building and you have a missing airplane. This is very coincidental.” According to NBC: “a horrific realization dawns on controllers. American Flight 11, still missing from radar, finally has been found.” Word of the plane’s fate subsequently “quickly travels throughout the air traffic control world.”  
9:03 a.m. September 11, 2001: Newark Controllers Watch Flight 175 Hit WTC Edit
Air traffic controllers at Newark International Airport are on the phone with controllers at the FAA’s New York Center and are asked to find Flight 175 from their windows. They see it and watch in horror as it drops the last 5,000 feet and crashes into the World Trade Center.
“He was in a hard right bank, diving very steeply and very fast. And he—as he was coming up the Hudson River, he—he made another hard left turn and—just heading for downtown Manhattan.… You could see that he was trying to line himself up on the tower. Just before he hit the tower, he almost leveled it out and just—just hit the building.”—Controller Rick Tepper
Newark tower immediately calls the FAA’s Herndon Command Center and says it will not land any more airplanes in Newark, in an effort to keep aircraft away from New York City. This is the first step in shutting down the national airspace system. 
September 13-14, 2001: Men Arrested at New York Airports, but Soon Released after No Connections Found to 9/11 Attacks Edit
On September 13, New York authorities take into custody ten people of Middle Eastern descent at JFK International and La Guardia Airports, reportedly fearing they intend to hijack aircraft and commit another suicidal terrorist attack on a US target. This leads to all three major New York-area airports—JFK, La Guardia, and Newark—being abruptly shut down, just hours after they reopened for the first time since the 9/11 attacks took place. [ASSOCIATED PRESS, 9/14/2001; DALLAS MORNING NEWS, 9/14/2001; NEW YORK TIMES, 9/14/2001; WASHINGTON POST, 9/14/2001]
Incidents and accidentsEdit
- September 11, 2001: United Airlines Flight 93 to San Francisco International Airport was hijacked as part of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The passengers revolted forcing the hijackers to crash the aircraft into an empty field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. All of the passengers, crew and hijackers died in the crash.
- January 3, 2010: Terminal C was evacuated after a person passed through from the public side to the sterile side of the airport without going through security. Passengers reported seeing a man walk through the checkpoint's exit lane after a TSA security officer momentarily left his post. The sterile side of the terminal was evacuated for about six hours. Security cameras caught the incident, and on January 8, Haisong Jiang was arrested and charged with definant trespassing.
- ↑ . [MSNBC, 9/11/2002;
- ↑ Lynn Spencer (2008). Touching History: The Untold Story of the Drama That Unfolded in the Skies Over America on 9/11. pp. 41-42.
- ↑ 9/11 Commission (8/26/2004). pp. 32. Archived from the original on 2006-04-22. http://web.archive.org/web/20060422090747/http://www.archives.gov/legislative/research/9-11/staff-report-sept2005.pdf.
- ↑ . [MSNBC, 9/11/2002]
- ↑ .
- ↑ .
- ↑ .
- ↑ .
- ↑ Stout, David (April 12, 2006). "Recording From Flight 93 Played at Trial". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
- ↑ Wheaton, Sarah (January 8, 2010). "Man Charged in Newark Airport Security Breach". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Newark Liberty International Airport|
- Newark Liberty International Airport (official site)
- How To Get To Newark Airport
- Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
- (PDF), effective 23 Sep 2010
- Resources for this airport:
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